The Division of Student and Community Services at Monmouth University is committed to the educational and social growth of students within the University's community. On campus, students and their guests interact through a variety of programs and activities. The purpose of these events is to promote a healthy social experience on campus. The misuse and abuse of alcohol in whatever form is inconsistent with this purpose. The University encourages and supports students who abstain from the use of alcoholic beverages. It acknowledges that we live in a social environment which establishes by law a minimum age for the use of alcohol (21). Monmouth University does permit the consumption of alcohol on campus provided the guidelines established by the University, and departments within, are followed.
This policy has been established to regulate the use of alcohol on Monmouth University property or in University-owned or -sponsored housing and to promote the responsible conduct of Monmouth University students with regard to such use. In addition, Monmouth University students are expected to follow the laws of the state of New Jersey off campus as well involving the use of alcoholic beverages. Students violating local and state alcoholic regulations off campus will be disciplined under the Student Code of Conduct. We recognize the need for order and regulation in this process and will not tolerate disruptive behavior or conduct that infringes upon the rights of those who wish to pursue their academic interests as responsible members of this community. The specific ramifications of violating this policy are outlined and specifically noted in the University's Student Code of Conduct.
The Basics - New Jersey State Law
Any person(s) who is authorized to host an event is responsible for the following:
SANCTIONS GUIDELINES FOR VIOLATIONS OF THE ALCOHOL POLICY
The following sanctions will be in effect for students found responsible for violating the Monmouth University alcohol policy. The University reserves the right at any point in the range of offenses to impose sanctions deemed appropriate, in addition to or in place of sanctions listed below. Additionally, the University reserves the right at any point in the range of offenses to request students to seek a formal alcohol evaluation as deemed necessary by the Director of Counseling and Psychological Services, the Coordinator of Substance Awareness, and/or the Vice President for Student and Community Services or their designee. In all cases, the University reserves the right to prosecute criminally for violation of policies concerning alcohol and drugs.
The use of drugs by students can create conditions that are contrary to those deemed necessary for the maintenance of an optimal academic environment. Monmouth University affirms its responsibility to secure this optimal educational atmosphere by establishing the following policy:
The use, possession, or sale of alcohol, illegal drugs, or narcotics, and/or paraphernalia by a student will subject that individual to disciplinary action and legal prosecution under federal, state, or local statutes. The decision rendered shall be determined by the circumstances of the student's involvement. In addition, the presence of the odor of marijuana, and the possession of drug paraphernalia or any device used to ingest marijuana in any campus residence hall, building, etc., may also subject students to internal disciplinary action.
The University reserves the right at any point in the range of offenses to impose sanctions deemed appropriate, in addition to or in place of sanctions listed below. Additionally, the University reserves the right at any point in the range of offenses to request students to seek a formal evaluation as deemed necessary by the director of Psychological Services, Coordinator of Substance Awareness, and/or the vice president for Student and Community Services. In all cases, the University reserves the right to prosecute criminally for violation of policies concerning alcohol and drugs.
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II. New Jersey State Law
Students should be aware of the following aspects of New Jersey State Alcoholic Beverage law:
According to the New Jersey Code of Criminal Justice pertaining to controlled substances, employees should be aware of the following:
III. Health Risks
The health risks most commonly associated with the use of alcoholic beverages, drugs and narcotics are described below:
Whether in the form of beer, wine, or liquor, alcohol is a mind-altering chemical, which has effects similar to barbiturates and narcotics. Alcohol acts as a depressant to the central nervous system. In small amounts, alcohol can produce mild relaxation and a feeling of well-being. In large amounts, alcohol can cause intoxication, sedation, unconsciousness, or death.
Hangovers are probably the best known sign of too much alcohol in the body. They are caused by the body's reaction to the toxic, or poisonous, effects of alcohol. Often those effects can occur at very low levels of drinking.
- 95% of all alcohol is metabolized by the liver. Because clearing alcohol out of the body is a "priority," the other functions of the liver, such as regulating blood glucose levels, are slowed down.
- Alcohol causes a surge in the flow of digestive acids, which can irritate the stomach lining. Nausea and vomiting frequently occur, while regular, heavy drinking can cause ulcers and chronic stomach problems.
Nervous System- Alcohol suppresses almost every function causing problems such as slurred speech, in-coordination, loss of balance, and memory loss.
Heart- Alcohol makes the heart work harder and less efficiently. Long-term heavy drinking is associated with heart muscle disease, irregular heartbeats, and an increased risk of coronary artery disease.
Other Heart Problems - Heavy, prolonged or excessive drinking can lead to malnutrition, cancer, psychological problems, miscarriages, possible birth defects, and infertility in women, as well as impotency and sterility in men.
We live in a drug-oriented society. Drugs have saved lives, reduced pain, and improved the quality of our lives. However, misuse and abuse of drugs can cause critical injury or death.
Marijuana- Marijuana is a drug taken to produce a high or euphoric feeling and a state of relaxation. The short-term effects of marijuana include distortion of time perception, increased heart rate, dilation of the blood vessels, and loss of short-term memory. Visual perception and psychomotor skills are also decreased which have adverse effects on driving ability. The effects of long-term use include loss of motivation, chronic bronchitis, decreased lung capacity, and an increased risk of lung cancer. In men, marijuana use can result in reduced levels of testosterone.
Cocaine - Cocaine is a powerful stimulant. It is most often inhaled (snorted) into the nose. It can also be smoked or injected. No matter how it is taken, the drug's immediate effect is to create a high that is often described as orgasmic of euphoric. It creates increased alertness, suppresses appetite, and temporarily relieves depression.
Studies indicate that cocaine's effect on the body and psyche is dangerous. It is thought that some of the damage caused by cocaine is irreversible. The least harmful effects are nosebleeds and nasal erosions that result from irritation of the lining of the nose. Most dangerous are the "coke blues" which are intense downs that often occur after a high, which results in the user trying other drugs to relieve the psychological and emotional discomfort. There is a strong psychological dependency on "coke" which slowly increases as tolerance develops.
Stimulants- Caffeine is the most widely used stimulant, and can be found in coffee, tea, cola, and cold medications. Amphetamines are also stimulants. They are also referred to as "speed and uppers." Stimulants increase awareness, keep people awake and depress the appetite. Short-term effects include elevated blood pressure, nervousness, and hyperactivity. Long-term effects include insomnia, malnutrition, and acute psychosis.
Depressants- Depressants, also called "downers," include Quaaludes, barbiturates, and tranquilizers. These drugs reduce anxiety, induce sleep, and promote relaxation. Used together, they can be extremely dangerous and can suppress the central nervous system enough to cause death. Downers cause slower response time, loss of rational judgment, decreased coordination, and loss of motor skills. Driving skills are seriously affected. Tolerance and physical dependence often develops.
Hallucinogens- Hallucinogens include LSD, mescaline, and PCP. They produce dream-like perceptions and/or panic reactions that produce horrifying perceptions. PCP is a hallucinogen, which is particularly dangerous and can cause a person to become violent to himself/herself and others. Ecstasy (MDA) is a drug that became popular in the 1980s. It has been billed as "the perfect drug" by enhancing thinking, coordination, and empathy. The use of "Ecstasy" also results in irreversible brain damage. Although most hallucinogens do not result in physical or psychological dependence, tolerance to them can develop.
Narcotic Analgesics- These drugs include opium, morphine, heroin, and codeine. They relieve pain. Improper use of narcotics can result in physical dependence in a relatively short period of time. A narcotic overdose can result in death.
Steroids- Steroids are drugs that resemble the male sex hormone, testosterone. Popular since the 1950s, steroids have been used by athletes and body builders to increase muscle mass and improve athletic performance. The true effectiveness of steroids in improving strength and performance is not known; however, it is known that steroids pose certain health risks. Taken in large doses, steroids can cause psychological dependence, increased anger, aggression, depression, and will stunt growth in adolescents who have not attained their full height. Men may also experience nipple and breast growth, shrunken testicles, and baldness. Intravenous steroid users are at risk for hepatitis, liver cancer, an altered sex drive, and AIDS.
IV. University Resources and Programs
Monmouth University has developed a multifaceted response to meet the needs of students who may be at risk for alcohol and other drug problems. Substance awareness programs are coordinated through the Office of Substance Awareness, in collaboration with the Office of Counseling and Psychological Services, Health Services, Judicial Affairs, Athletics, Residential Life, and Student Activities.
Drug and alcohol counseling, treatment, or rehabilitation programs available to students
V. Review of the Program
In compliance with Federal Law, this policy will be reviewed biennially to determine the effectiveness of the University's Alcohol and Drug Prevention Program; implement changes to the program as required and to ensure that disciplinary sanctions are consistently enforced.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no institution of higher education shall be eligible to receive funds or any form of financial assistance under any Federal program, including participation in any federally funded or guaranteed student loan program, unless it certifies to the Secretary that it has adopted and has implemented a program to prevent the use of illicit drugs and the abuse of alcohol by students and employees that, at a minimum includes: