West Long Branch, NJ – Two-thirds of the country expects to see another coronavirus surge and most Americans continue to say that public health concerns should outweigh the economy in lifting outbreak restrictions. But the Monmouth (“Mon-muth”) University Poll also finds that sizable numbers support the reopening of certain businesses, with some type of social distancing rules or guidance. Beaches, playgrounds, churches, and hair salons lead the list of venues people say should be open. The public continues to give better marks to their states than to the federal government on handling the pandemic, but there has been an overall dip in positive views since last month.
As some states start to lift restrictions, 60% of the public is concerned that this is being done too quickly. Just 32% are more concerned that states are not lifting restrictions quickly enough. This matches the level of concern last month when 63% said they were more concerned that states would start to lift restrictions too quickly compared with 29% who were worried the states would not move quickly enough.
Over two-thirds (69%) of the public expects the country will see another surge in coronavirus cases in the next year. Just 26% believe the rate of new cases will continue to decline. Democrats (85%) and independents (76%) are more likely than Republicans (41%) to expect another surge.
Americans feel that any reopening decisions should be based more on public health concerns than economic ones. Specifically, 54% say the more important factor in deciding whether to lift current restrictions should be making sure as few people as possible get sick from the coronavirus. Just 36% say making sure the economy does not go into a deep and lengthy downturn should be more important. This sentiment is practically unchanged from last month (56% public health versus 33% economic downturn).
Democrats continue to be the most likely to prioritize health concerns (82% in the current poll and 80% in May). About half of independents feel the same (53% in the current poll and 49% in May). Most Republicans, on the other hand, say preventing an economic downturn should be the greater consideration (61%) and are even more likely to say that now than last month (54%).
“Parts of America are starting to reopen, but much of the public remains leery because it doesn’t seem they are convinced the virus is under control. Still, there is evidence that a sizable minority are getting antsy about the current restrictions,” said Patrick Murray, director of the independent Monmouth University Polling Institute.
The poll asked whether – and under what conditions – nine different types of public venues should be allowed to open. Half or more say that each of the nine should be open in their states, either with strict rules on attendance and spacing between people, with social distancing practices in place but not strict rules, or without any restrictions at all. The venues that significant numbers of Americans say should be open with either no restrictions or just some social distancing guidance include public beaches (48%), playgrounds and community athletic fields (43%), and churches and other places of worship (40%). One-third say the same about opening outdoor arenas (34%) and hair salons and barbershops (34%). Just under 3 in 10 say the same for gyms (29%), movie theaters (29%), public swimming pools (29%), and indoor arenas (27%). It should be noted that only 10% to 17% say that any of these places should be able to open without any restrictions at all. Republicans are significantly more likely than Democrats and independents to support the opening of all these venues.
The venues that generate the most opposition to be being open under any circumstances include indoor arenas (47% say they should be closed for the time being) and public swimming pools (47% closed). Four in ten Americans (40%) say that movie theaters should be closed. Fewer – about 1 in 3 – say that outdoor arenas (33%) and gyms (31%) should be closed and only about 1 in 5 say the same for churches (23%), public beaches (22%), playgrounds (20%), and hair salons (19%).
“The public is a little more hesitant about opening places that put you in close contact with other people. But there is a notable exception. Americans really want to get their hair cut,” said Murray.
The Monmouth University Poll also finds that Americans continue to be more satisfied with the outbreak response in their own state than they are with Washington. Just 37% say the measures taken by the federal government to slow the spread of the virus have been appropriate while 48% say they have not gone far enough. Another 12% say they have gone too far. This opinion has fluctuated since the outbreak began. May poll results were 42% appropriate–45% not far enough–10% too far, the April findings were 35%–54%–7%, and the March findings were 47%–45%–6%.
A majority of Americans (56%), on the other hand, say the outbreak measures taken by their state government have been appropriate, while 23% say they have not gone far enough. Another 20% say they have gone too far. The number who say their state’s actions are appropriate has remained high from month to month, although there has been a slight decline since the pandemic’s onset (59% in May, 60% in April, and 62% in March). The number saying their state has gone too far has increased slightly (from 17% in May, 8% in April, and 9% in March).
A majority of the public (57%) continues to feel that the federal government is not doing enough to help states that have been hit hard by the outbreak. This is similar to 54% who said the same last month and 55% in April. Just 34% say that Washington has done enough (37% in both May and April) and 6% say it has done too much to help these states (5% in May and 3% in April).
There has been an across the board dip in the number of Americans who say different actors involved in managing the outbreak are doing a good job. State governors continue to get widespread praise for their handling of the coronavirus outbreak, at 67% good job and 28% bad job. However, this rating is slightly less positive than prior polls (73% to 22% in May, 72% to 21% in April, and 72% to 18% in March). Federal health agencies also get high ratings at 57% good job and 34% bad job. Prior results were slightly higher (63% to 25% in May, 66% to 25% in April, and 65% to 24% in March).
On President Donald Trump’s handling of the coronavirus outbreak, 42% say he has done a good job and 56% say he has done a bad job. His prior good job/bad job ratings on handling the outbreak were 42% to 51% in May, 46% to 49% in April, and 50% to 45% in March. Currently, 35% say Congress has done a good job dealing with the outbreak and 52% say it has done a bad job. Prior good job/bad job ratings for Congress were 38% to 47% in May, 41% to 45% in April, and 42% to 37% in March.
Public opinion on media reporting about the outbreak has turned nominally negative for the first time at 43% good job and 50% bad job. Prior good job/bad job ratings for the media were 47% to 45% in May, 48% to 42% in April, and 45% to 43% in March. The poll renders a split decision on how the American public as a whole has handled the outbreak. Currently, 46% say that the American public has done a good job and 43% say it has done a bad job. This finding is much more negative than in May (51% good job to 33% bad job), but still more positive than earlier poll results (38% to 48% in April and 38% to 45% in March).
The poll findings were also examined based on state-based data related to the outbreak. There are not a lot of differences in these results based on how quickly the coronavirus is spreading in individual states, using Covid-19 death doubling rate data compiled by the Princeton Election Consortium. Residents of states where the spread is slower– in most cases, those now on the downside of the initial curve – tend to be less likely to say federal health agencies have been doing a good job (49% in states in with the slowest rates versus 65% in states with the fastest rates). Residents of states where the virus is now spreading more slowly are also slightly more likely to approve of opening public venues with minimal social distancing guidelines, but those differences are generally not statistically significant.
“Support for social distancing guidelines seems tied more to partisanship than the actual spread of coronavirus in one’s community,” said Murray.
The Monmouth University Poll was conducted by telephone from May 28 to June 1, 2020 with 807 adults in the United States. The question results in this release have a margin of error of +/- 3.5 percentage points. The poll was conducted by the Monmouth University Polling Institute in West Long Branch, NJ.
QUESTIONS AND RESULTS
(* Some columns may not add to 100% due to rounding.)
[Q1-3 previously released.]
[Q4-10 held for future release.]
11. Do you think we will see another surge in coronavirus cases sometime over the next year or do you think the rate of new cases will continue to decline?
|See another surge in cases sometime over the next year||69%|
|Rate of new cases will continue to decline||26%|
|(VOL) Don’t know||5%|
[QUESTIONS 12 & 13 WERE ROTATED]
12. Have the measures taken by the federal government to slow the spread of the virus been appropriate, have they gone too far, or have they not gone far enough?
|Gone too far||12%||10%||7%||6%|
|Not gone far enough||48%||45%||54%||45%|
|(VOL) Don’t know||3%||2%||3%||2%|
13. Have the measures taken by your state government to slow the spread of the virus been appropriate, have they gone too far, or have they not gone far enough?
|Gone too far||20%||17%||8%||9%|
|Not gone far enough||23%||22%||30%||25%|
|(VOL) Don’t know||1%||2%||2%||4%|
14. Please tell me if each of the following has done a good job or bad job dealing with the coronavirus outbreak. [ITEMS WERE ROTATED]
|Health agencies in the federal government||57%||34%||5%||3%||(807)|
|— May 2020||63%||25%||7%||4%||(808)|
|— April 2020||66%||25%||4%||4%||(857)|
|— March 2020||65%||24%||8%||4%||(851)|
|— May 2020||42%||51%||4%||2%||(808)|
|— April 2020||46%||49%||3%||1%||(857)|
|— March 2020||50%||45%||3%||1%||(851)|
|Your state’s governor||67%||28%||3%||1%||(807)|
|— May 2020||73%||22%||3%||2%||(808)|
|— April 2020||72%||21%||4%||3%||(857)|
|— March 2020||72%||18%||4%||6%||(851)|
|The media reporting about the outbreak||43%||50%||6%||1%||(807)|
|— May 2020||47%||45%||6%||2%||(808)|
|— April 2020||48%||42%||8%||2%||(857)|
|— March 2020||45%||43%||10%||3%||(851)|
|The American public||46%||43%||8%||2%||(807)|
|— May 2020||51%||33%||13%||2%||(808)|
|— April 2020||38%||48%||12%||2%||(857)|
|— March 2020||38%||45%||14%||3%||(851)|
|— May 2020||38%||47%||11%||5%||(808)|
|— April 2020||41%||45%||9%||5%||(857)|
|— March 2020||42%||37%||10%||10%||(851)|
15. Is the federal government doing the right amount, too much, or not enough to help states that have been hit hard by the outbreak?
|(VOL) Don’t know||3%||4%||5%|
16. What should be the more important factor in deciding whether to lift current outbreak restrictions – making sure as few people as possible get sick from the coronavirus OR making sure the economy doesn’t go into a deep and lengthy downturn?
|Making sure as few people as possible |
get sick from the coronavirus
|Making sure the economy doesn’t go into |
a deep and lengthy downturn
|(VOL) Both equally||8%||9%|
|(VOL) Don’t know||2%||2%|
17. Are you more concerned that states are starting to lift restrictions too quickly or that states are not lifting restrictions quickly enough?
|Not quickly enough||32%||29%|
|(VOL) Not concerned either way||5%||5%|
|(VOL) Don’t know||3%||2%|
*Question wording in May was “Are you more concerned that states will start lifting restrictions too quickly or that states will not lift restrictions quickly enough?”
18. I’m going to read you a list of different public venues in your state. For each please tell me whether they should be (A) closed for the time being, (B) open but with strict rules on attendance and spacing between people, (C) open with social distancing practices in place but not strict rules, or (D) open without any restrictions? [ITEMS WERE ROTATED]
A. Closed for the time being
B. Open but with strict rules on attendance and spacing between people
C. Open with social distancing practices in place but not strict rules
D. Open without any restrictions
(VOL) Don’t know
|Churches and other places of worship||23%||36%||26%||14%||0%||(807)|
|Indoor arenas for sports and concerts||47%||26%||17%||10%||1%||(807)|
|Outdoor arenas for sports and concerts||33%||32%||21%||13%||1%||(807)|
|Public swimming pools||47%||22%||17%||12%||1%||(807)|
|Playgrounds and community athletic fields||20%||36%||28%||15%||0%||(807)|
|Hair salons and barbershops||19%||46%||23%||11%||0%||(807)|
[Q19-27 & 40-57 held for future release.]
[Q28-39 & B1-B10 previously released.]
The Monmouth University Poll was sponsored and conducted by the Monmouth University Polling Institute from May 28 to June 1, 2020 with a national random sample of 807 adults age 18 and older. This includes 279 contacted by a live interviewer on a landline telephone and 528 contacted by a live interviewer on a cell phone, in English. Telephone numbers were selected through random digit dialing and landline respondents were selected with a modified Troldahl-Carter youngest adult household screen. Monmouth is responsible for all aspects of the survey design, data weighting and analysis. The full sample is weighted for region, age, education, gender and race based on US Census information (ACS 2018 one-year survey). Data collection support provided by Braun Research (field) and Dynata (RDD sample). For results based on this sample, one can say with 95% confidence that the error attributable to sampling has a maximum margin of plus or minus 3.5 percentage points (unadjusted for sample design). Sampling error can be larger for sub-groups (see table below). In addition to sampling error, one should bear in mind that question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of opinion polls.
|69% No degree|
|31% 4 year degree|
Click on pdf file link below for full methodology and crosstabs by key demographic groups.
Download this Poll Report with crosstabs