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COVID-19 Vaccination FAQs

Updated: Thursday, May 5, 2022

What COVID-19 vaccines are currently available?

The COVID-19 vaccines currently available are manufactured by Pfizer, Moderna, and Janssen/Johnson & Johnson (J&J). The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are messenger RNA vaccines—also called mRNA vaccines while the Janssen vaccine uses a more traditional virus-based technology. The CDC recommends that people who are starting their vaccine series or getting a booster dose get one of the mRNA vaccines such as the Pfizer or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.

How many doses are required for the COVID-19 vaccine primary series?

Both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines require two doses.  For persons ages 12 years and older the 2nd dose of Pfizer vaccine should be administered 3-8 weeks after the 1st dose.  For persons ages 18 years and older the 2nd dose of Moderna vaccine is given 4-8 weeks after the 1st dose.  For the primary vaccination series, the CDC recommends that the 2nd dose be the same manufacturer as the 1st dose. The Janssen vaccine is a one-dose vaccine.

How do I stay up-to-date with COVID-19 vaccination?

The CDC recommends that people get up-to-date with COVID-19 vaccination as soon as feasible, which includes the completed primary series and any recommended booster doses for which they are eligible.

Monmouth University students need to be COVID-19 vaccinated and remain up-to-date in their vaccinations, including receiving a booster or additional dose when eligible.

When should I get a booster dose if I was vaccinated with either Pfizer or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine?

For persons who are not moderately or severely immunocompromised, a booster dose should be administered at least 5 months after the 2nd dose of either the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine.

People ages 50 years and older may choose to receive a 2nd booster dose using an mRNA vaccine if it has been at least 4 months after the 1st booster dose, for a total of 4 doses.

When should I get a booster dose if I received the Janssen (J&J) vaccine as my primary dose?

Persons who received the Janssen vaccine should receive a booster dose at least 2 months after the 1st dose of Janssen vaccine.  The CDC recommends that persons who received the Janssen vaccine as their primary vaccine be boosted with an mRNA vaccine (either Pfizer or Moderna).

If a person ages 18-49 years received the Janssen vaccine as both their primary dose and booster dose, they may receive an mRNA booster dose at least 4 months after the Janssen booster.  Persons ages 50 years and older may choose to receive a 2nd booster dose if it has been at least 4 months after the first booster dose.

Who should consider receiving a 2nd booster dose?

The following people are eligible to receive a 2nd booster dose using an mRNA vaccine at least 4 months after their 1st booster dose:

  • People ages 50 years and older
  • People ages 12 years and older who are moderately or severely immunocompromised.
  • People ages 18 years and older who received Janssen COVID-19 vaccine as both a primary and a booster dose.

Can I “mix and match” vaccines?

The same mRNA vaccine should be used for all doses in the primary series.  However, for booster doses an mRNA vaccine from a different manufacturer can be used.  If a person received the Janssen vaccine as their primary dose, it is recommended they receive one of the mRNA vaccines for the booster dose.

How do I submit my COVID-19 Vaccination Card?

  • Save an image of your COVID Vaccination Card to your electronic device.
    • Image must be saved as a: .ig, .png, .tif, .jpg or jpeg OR .pdf file.
    • File name must be 20 characters or less and contain only letters and/or numbers.

Log into MyMu:

  • Goto the “I Need To…” tab and select Student Health Portal.
  • Once in the Health Portal:
  • At the top, Login with the Monmouth student ID number with “s” in front of the number and Monmouth password.
  • Select the Upload tab
  • Use the drop down arrow to select the type of document you are uploading:
    • Select COVID-19 Vaccination Card.
  • Select the saved file from your device
  • Select Upload.

How do I file for a COVID Vaccination Exemption?

Follow steps above for logging into the Student Health Portal.

  • Select the FORMS tab.
  • Choose type of exemption you are filing from the pull down arrow.
  • Select Submit.

I am an international student who has been vaccinated in my home country.  Will Monmouth University accept my vaccination?

Monmouth University will accept any World Health Organization (WHO)-authorized COVID-19 vaccines. Questions regarding COVID-19 vaccination for international students can be forwarded to:

Is it better to get natural immunity from being sick with COVID-19 or protection from COVID-19 vaccines?

Getting a COVID-19 vaccination is a safer and dependable way to build immunity to COVID-19 than getting sick with COVID-19.  Getting a COVID-19 vaccine gives most people a high level of protection against COVID-19 and can provide added protection for people who already had COVID-19. 

COVID-19 vaccination helps protect you by creating an antibody response without you having to experience sickness. Getting vaccinated yourself may also protect people around you, particularly people at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Getting sick with COVID-19 can cause severe illness or death, and we can’t reliably predict who will have mild or severe illness. If you get sick, you can spread COVID-19 to others. You can also continue to have long-term health issues after COVID-19 infection.

If I have symptoms of COVID-19, where can I go to get tested?

The Health Center on campus provides free, rapid antigen and nuclear assay (NAAT) COVID testing with results in 10-15 minutes.  No appointments needed; just walk-in.

At-home COVID antigen tests are widely available at any local pharmacy.  If you test positive, take a picture of the positive test on your cell phone.  Send of screen shot of the saved picture to

What should I do if I test positive for COVID-19?

You need to report any positive test to Health Services by emailing or calling Health Services at 732-571-3464.

Any person testing positive for COVID needs to isolate:

  • Isolate from others for at least 5 full days from the date of the positive COVID-19 test.
  • Date of positive test is considered to be day zero (0).

If I am positive for COVID-19, when can I discontinue isolation?

Persons may discontinue isolation after day 5 if they no longer have symptoms or symptoms are greatly improving/resolving.

  • If isolation is discontinued after day 5, a well-fitted mask must be worn at all times when around others for an additional 5 days (days 6-10).
    • Persons leaving isolation on day 6 need to avoid high risk viral spreading activities such as eating around others for 10 full days. 

If a person is still experiencing symptoms without improvement on day 5, they should continue to isolate for another 5 days in order to complete 10 full days of isolation.

  • After 10 days of isolation a person is no longer considered to be contagious unless they have been hospitalized due to COVID-19 as the infectious period can be longer.

What do I do if I am exposed or live with someone who has COVID-19?

Persons who are unvaccinated or not up to date on their COVID-19 vaccines and have not had COVID-19 in the past 90 days and are exposed to someone with COVID-19, should quarantine for at least 5 full days after the last exposure.

Persons exposed to COVID-19 should obtain a COVID-19 test 3-5 days after last contact with the COVID positive person.

  • Date of last contact is considered to be day zero (0).

After 5 full days in quarantine, an exposed person should wear a well-fitted mask when around others for 5 additional days (days 6-10).

Household contacts should start their quarantine period on the day after the household member completes their isolation period. 

What is the University position regarding masking?

Masking is optional for all persons, vaccinated and unvaccinated, in both indoor and outdoor settings. Masking may be reinstated as a mitigation measure if community transmission reaches state-defined levels of high risk.

I previously had COVID-19 and only had mild symptoms. Why should I bother getting the vaccine or a booster?

Staying up-to-date with COVID-19 vaccination is not just about protecting yourself but helps to protect the ones you love and at-risk people in the greater community. Although getting COVID vaccinated may not always protect you from testing positive for the virus, it does greatly lessen your chances of severe illness and hospitalization.