Dr. Richard BastianLecturer
RESEARCH PROJECT TITLE & Descriptions
1. Differences Between Several Methods of Taking Blood Pressure in Dogs.
Consulting project in conjunction with Garden State Veterinary Hospital. Statistical analysis and interpretation of data.
2. Comparing Infection Rates in 3 Surgical Methods for Repairing Torn ACL's of Dogs.
3. Predicting the Yield of NJ Vineyard Grapes (Collaboration with Pedram Daneshgar in Biology).
Statistical design, data collection & analysis (types of tests, sample sizes, power, effect sizes, etc) needed to answer research questions about the new MU vineyard and its use by the NJ wine industry.
4. Training Regimens in Lacrosse (Collaboration with Bernadette Dunphy in Biology).
Consulting project in conjunction with trainers and physical therapists on the efficacy of new training regimens for lacrosse players.
5. Comparing Toxins in Several Species of Fish in NJ Coastal Waters.
Consulting project in conjunction with Sandy Hook NOAA Lab.
PLEASE NOTE: This faculty member is not accepting high school students.
Dr. Micah ChrismanAssistant Professor
RESEARCH PROJECT TITLE & DESCRIPTION
Loop Counting of Knot Families with Applications to the HOMFLY-PT Polynomial
Many knot and virtual knot invariants can be computed by loop counting. By smoothing some subset of the crossings in a certain way, the coefficients of the polynomial can be computed (Chmutov-Khoury-Rossi, Chmutov-Polyak, Brandenbursky-Polyak). We will investigate the combinatorics of the HOMFLY-PT polynomial when it is evaluated on infinite parametrized families of knots. This can be done systematically by using a modification of Zulli's loop counting principle and a modification of spectral graph theory (Chrisman). Some families to consider would be twist lattices, closed braids, and torus knots.
Dr. Joseph CoyleAssociate Professor and Director of Financial Mathematics
Preconditioning Techniques for Nonsymmetric Matrices
The first phase of the project will consist of a numerical and analytical investigation into well-known preconditioning techniques for Krylov subspace methods using symmetric matrices. The second phase will be an attempt to develop a stable and efficient method for nonsymmetric matrices based on the observations from the first phase.
Dr. Pedram DaneshgarAssistant Professor
Restoration Ecology of Coastal Dunes
Following the disastrous effects of Superstorm Sandy on our coastal ecosystems, the need for dune restoration is greater than ever. We will explore restoration methodologies by participating in dune restoration projects. We will also explore impacts of large storms on our coastal ecosystems.
Bernadette DunphySpecialist Professor
1. The effect of reduced visual stimulus during catching and throwing a lacrosse ball
Sports performance and the training necessary to improve an athlete's skills has become an essential component in all athletic endeavors. Strength, power, endurance, speed and agility are important components of every successful athlete's training program. Recently there has been heightened interest in the effect visual stimulus has on athletic performance.
Nike has introduced the Nike Sparq Strobe eyewear, which allows the athlete to train with a reduction of visual stimulus. The amount of visual feedback can be varied at 8 different levels and for both eyes or each eye individually.
The use of reduced visual stimulus during the catching and throwing of a lacrosse ball is a method of improving the reaction time, peripheral vision and overall focus necessary to improve a player's stick skills.
The purpose of this poster is to determine if the strobe eyewear can improve an athlete's ability to catch and throw with more precise and consistency.
2. The effect of reduced concurrent visual feedback on exercise performance
Concurrent visual feedback is utilized to enhance the effects of exercise. This poster will utilize the Right Weigh Exercise Guidance System and the Nike Sparq strobe eyewear. The purpose of this study is to determine if providing reduced visual feedback will affect exercise performance as compared to constant feedback.
The Right Weigh Exercise Guidance System (RWEGS) provides visual feedback to the individual as to the speed, range of motion and accuracy of each repetition. This has been shown to increase the number of muscle fibers recruited during the concentric and eccentric phases of each repetition.
The Nike Sparq Stobe eyewear allows the user to control the amount of visual feedback to the individual exerciser. This amount of visual stimulus reduction can be adjusted on eight levels. This reduction of visual stimulus can also be adjusted for both eyes or individually.
3. The utilization of rope undulation as an alternative to traditional shoulder strengthening techniques in young athletes
Shoulder strength is an important factor in maintaining shoulder stability. Because the shoulder joint is capable of movement in all planes, shoulder stability is more dependent on muscular force couples and soft tissue constraints then other joints.
Traditional strength training of the shoulder musculature has focused on individual muscles and even individual aspects of each muscle. This requires long periods of training time and perfect technique. One can easily observe that in a local gym that the principles of shoulder force couples and ideal joint kinematics are not practiced. This is true while utilizing weight machines, dumbbells or other free weight exercises.
To attain proper form many years of practice to avoid shoulder injuries during training, in an effort to increase shoulder muscle mass. This is very important in young athletes who lack the experience in the weight room and become more subject to training injuries. Young athletes appear more interested in the "quantity vs. quality" of each exercise for a multitude of reasons.
There has been a reemergence of specific "strongman" exercises into the athletic population. An example of this is the use of rope undulation, whereby; various diameter and length of ropes are utilized to increase strength. There is an unlimited variety of exercises that can be performed due to the portability of the ropes and the ease of creating movement in all three planes of motion.
The purpose of this study is to determine if exercises utilizing rope undulation can be as effective as traditional shoulder strengthening exercises
4. The efficacy of utilizing proprioception techniques in the early stages of Grade I ankle sprains
Ankle sprains are a very common injury in running sports. Sports like soccer, basketball, field hockey and lacrosse have a higher than average incidence of ankle injuries. It is important to have athletes return to play as soon as possible but equally as important to avoid further injury. Returning to the playing field could lead to a chronic ankle injury, which becomes more difficult to treat.
Grade 1 ankle sprains are characterized by minimal to moderate swelling of the lateral ankle with minimal or no ecchymosis. Most commonly the fibers of the anterior talofibular ligament are "stretched" and the area is tender to palpating. There may be fibers of the calcaneofibular involved as well or isolated involvement.
Immediate treatment has involved rest, elevation, compression, ice and sometimes the use of prophylactic bracing.
The purpose of this poster is to utilize early mobility, balance and proprioception techniques to decrease the loss of muscle strength and joint mechanoreceptors.
This would allow the athlete to return to the playing field sooner and safer. This approach would address the issue of recurrent ankle sprains.
Dr. Catherine N. DuckettAssociate Dean, School of Science
Insect Diversity in Monmouth County:
The insect diversity of Monmouth County is poorly documented in comparison with other counties in New Jersey. The research involves the collection, mounting, and identification of insects. A full sampling of the county parks is planned. Students with interests in a particular taxon like bees or dragonflies will be encouraged to develop a collection emphasizing the group of interest. Day trips to insect collections in New Brunswick or New York. Because insects are often most active early or late in the day students who can arrive on campus early may be given preference. Students with an interest in Chrysomelidae (Leaf Beetles) could become involved in additional projects involving molecular data. Biology Education students with interests in developing teaching projects involving insects are encouraged to apply.
Dr. Ursula A. HowsonAssistant Professor
Barnegat Bay Zooplankton and Ichthyoplankton Research
We will be taking biweekly boat trips to Barnegat Bay to conduct water quality tests and zooplankton tows as part of a larger study examining the overall health of the bay. Students will participate in the field sampling trips as well as zooplankton sorting, identification, and enumeration in the laboratory. We anticipate some interaction with NOAA partners. Occasional night sampling trips may be required. Students will also have the opportunity to learn fisheries stock assessment techniques used in larval fish ecology research. Students will extract otoliths (ear bones) from larval fish collected in the zooplankton tows, then use a polarized microscope and image analysis system to evaluate the age of the larvae.
Dr. Dmytro KosenkovAssistant Professor
DEPARTMENT: Chemistry, Medical Technology, and Physics
E-MAIL: Dmytro Kosenkov
Designing Next Generation Solar Cells: Modeling Energy Transfer in Biological Chromophores
Mechanisms of energy transfer in biological molecules will be investigated to find new efficient ways of solar energy conversion into electricity and environmentally friendly fuels. Molecular modeling software based on novel quantum-mechanical methods will be used to obtain detailed molecular-level knowledge of the key mechanisms of light capture by biological and organic molecules—chromophores. High performance/supercomputing systems will be employed to carry out the simulations.
Dr. Dorothy LoboAssociate Professor
Oxidative Stress, Cellular Migration, and Regulation of Cellular Proliferation
When grown in vitro in culture, normal human fibroblast cells will stop growing when the culture dish is saturated with a layer of cells, termed "contact inhibition". Cells that are contact inhibited appear to be protected from oxidative stress. Our lab is examining the role of upstream regulators of MAP kinase proteins, MKKs, and a second class of proteins called cadherins in this process. There is some evidence that activation of cadherins may be altered in contact inhibited cells, and that this altered activation may regulate MAPK activity. Alterations in this pathway may regulate both stress survival and migration.
Dr. Jia Luo
Development of Ratiometric Fluorescence Nanosensors to Detect Bisphenol A in Natural Water
Protection of human health and ecosystem requires rapid, precise sensors capable of detecting pollutants at the molecular level. Currently, gas chromatography (GC), gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICPMS) are among the methods widely used in environmental analysis. However, these methods are usually complicated, time-consuming, and costly. Nanotechnology offers the possibility of sensors enabled to selectively detect multiple analytes and to monitor their presence in real time. The aim of the research project is to develop a composite nanostructure incorporating an analyte-independent fluorescent core and an analyte-dependent room-temperature phosphorescent shell, which can be utilized as a photoluminescence sensor for bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disruptor.
The students will gain hands-on experiences in nanomaterials synthesis and characterization, and learn the operation of a Hitachi F-7000 spectrofluorometer at the Chemistry Department. They will also develop better understanding of the photophysics behind luminescence when they try to tune the fluorescence spectra by processing the nanoparticles differently during the synthesis.
Dr. James MackProfessor
Study of the efficacy of plant essential oils and methylglyoxal in treating infections caused by multidrug resistant gram negative and gram positive bacteria.
Plant essential oils such as, cinnamon oil, wintergreen oil, lemongrass oil and the aldehyde methylglyoxal will be tested for their efficacy in inhibiting the growth of several multidrug drug resistant bacteria using the Kirby-Bauer disk- diffusion method. The bacteria (ATCC) to be tested will include gram negative bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumanni and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the gram positive Clostridium difficile.
PLEASE NOTE: This faculty member is not accepting high school students.
Dr. Susan H. MarshallAssociate Professor
Investigations of Heronian Tetrahedra
A Heronian tetrahedron has integer side lengths, face areas, and volume. The classification of Heronian tetrahedra is incomplete; students will work on completing the system used by Buchholz (1992)and Chisholm-MacDougall (2006). Students will investigate both the number theoretic and geometric properties of these objects, determining whether or not results about Heronian triangles extend to Heronian tetrahedra.
Dr. Greg MoehringChair and Associate Professor
Pseuodorotational-type rearrangement at dodecahedral complexes
Pseudorotation is a molecular rearrangement process that results in an object which appears to have only been rotated in space but actually involves changes in the steric relationships of the atoms within the molecule. The two most commonly described examples of pseudorotational rearrangements occur at certain five coordinate centers (the Berry pseudorotation) or for cycloalkanes such as cyclohexane. Below are examples of those commonly described pseudorotations. Pseudorotational-type rearrangements can occur for systems similar to those found below, such as PF4Cl or C6H11Br, although the lower symmetry means that these similar rearrangements are not truly formal pseudorotations because the two forms of the molecule are distinguishable from what would occur by a simple rotation of the molecule.
PLEASE NOTE: This faculty member is not accepting high school students
James A. NickelsMarine Scientist
DEPARTMENT: Urban Coast Institute
1. Baseline study of Zooplankton in Barnegat Bay: Biweekly field sampling by boat in Barnegat Bay for collection and preparation of zooplankton for analysis. Cooperative program with NJDEP and NOAA Sandy Hook as part of NJ's Barnegat Bay Initiative.
2. Real-time Water Quality Monitoring and Mapping in Coastal New Jersey: Ongoing project involves maintenance and operation of real-time water quality meter network, field collection of data in coastal lakes and Barnegat Bay, continued mapping and survey work in coastal lakes and bays
Dr. Michael A. PalladinoDean, School of ScienceAssociate Professor of Biology
Research Website: http://bluehawk.monmouth.edu/mpalladi/Student%20Research.html
Cellular and molecular responses to testicular torsion injury. Antimicrobial properties of male reproductive organs.
Dr. Karen PesceBiology Lecturer
Microbial Community Analysis and Characterization of Novel Biodegradative Genes from Polluted Environments
Microorganisms play a vital role in the biodegradation of numerous environmental pollutants. Our work focuses on isolation and investigation of microbial species that can degrade these compounds. We use traditional microbiology as well as molecular approaches in order to gain insight into microbial diversity in contaminated environments and to elucidate novel biodegradative pathways. Most recently, this has included polyaromatic hydrocarbon degrading species and species that degrade personal care and pharmaceutical products.
Dr. Ellen RubinsteinLecturer
DEPARTMENT: Chemistry, Medical Technology and Physics
Nutrients and Dissolved Oxygen in Monmouth County Coastal Waters: Sustainability Concerns
Previous studies have determined that nitrate levels in several Monmouth County coastal lakes are extremely high. It is probable that local population growth has been a large contributor to the addition of this nutrient, and of phosphates, to runoff. Negative effects of such concentrations include damage to fish populations as well as other deleterious effects on aquatic life. This project will extend our earlier work to study the correlation of dissolved oxygen with current nutrient levels. We will observe conditions at several sites close to the coast, collecting water samples. Dissolved oxygen levels will be measured on-site, with Vernier LabQuest equipment. Nitrate ion concentrations will be measured with an ion-selective electrode, either on site or in the laboratory, in conjunction with a computer program. Using analytical methods in the laboratory, including UV visible spectroscopy, we will also measure the concentration of phosphates in our samples. Our results will contribute to understanding the health of our local lakes, with regard to dissolved oxygen and nutrient concentrations, and may indicate locations for pollution reduction.
Dr. William SchreiberLecturer
E-MAIL: William Schreiber
Application of Synthetic Organic Chemistry to Various Problems
Short synthetic projects will be undertaken to prepare ligands for inorganic complexes (work to be done in collaboration with Dr. Moehring). Other work may be done to develop new experiments or refine existing ones for the Organic Chemistry laboratory.
Analysis of Botanicals using Extraction Procedures followed by Gas Chromatography/mass Spectrometry
Botanicals of interest will be identified based on searching of the chemical literature and consultation with Dr. Daneshgar. Particular attention will be paid to odor and possible psychological effects thereof.
Professor John Tiedemann Assistant Dean and Director of Marine and Environmental Biology
Invasive and Nuisance Species of Barnegat Bay
The ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi is abundant in many mid-Atlantic estuaries during the summer. We have documented that Mnemiopsis is present in upper Barnegat Bay from May to November. Furthermore, Mnemiopsis typically comprises a major component of the summer macrozooplankton community within the upper bay.
Continued monitoring of Mnemiopsis in Barnegat Bay, coupled with water quality monitoring, may serve as an indicator of trends taking place within living resources of the bay in relationship to changing environmental conditions. Changes in seasonal patterns of Mnemiopsis abundance or bloom conditions could have an impact on other populations of the bay since Mnemiopsis is a voracious predator that feeds on a diversity of zooplankton including ichthyoplankton and bivalve larvae.
In recent years Sea nettles (Chrysaora quinquecirrha) have become increasingly abundant in estuaries of the mid-Atlantic. Sea nettles began appearing in northern Barnegat Bay in 2000, with highest concentrations reported in mid-summer. The appearance of large numbers of Sea nettles in the bay has been attributed to warmer summer water temperatures and increased eutrophication. Since 2011, we have collected C. quinquecirrha in upper Barnegat Bay in June, July, and August. Sea nettle abundance has varied spatially with highest densities occurring in late July each year.
Understanding the seasonal patterns of sea nettle distribution and abundance in Barnegat Bay is important as Chrysaora is considered to be a nuisance species. For example, due to their severe sting, sea nettles pose a hazard to recreational users of the bay. During periods of abundance their predation may also exert control over populations of ichthyoplankton, bivalve larvae, and other zooplankton. As a result, large populations of Sea nettles may contribute to declines of commercially valuable fish and shellfish since they are predators on, and competitors for, the same food sources.
The Asian shore crab (Hemigrapsus sanguineus) is native to the western Pacific. The occurrence of H. sanguineus along the U.S. Atlantic coast was first reported in 1988 at Townsends Inlet in Cape May, NJ. Since that time, Hemigrapsus has spread rapidly throughout the mid-Atlantic. Favoring mid and upper rocky intertidal habitats, in the Barnegat Bay region of New Jersey, Hemigrapsus has established populations along the inlet jetties of Barnegat Inlet and the Manasquan Inlet.
We have collected Hemigrapsus megalopa larvae from three stations in upper Barnegat Bay during July and August 2012. Peak densities occurred at stations close to the mouth of the Point Pleasant Canal, which connects the bay to the Manasquan River Estuary. Our data suggest that larval Hemigrapsus are either being carried with the tides from the Manasquan Inlet area into upper Barnegat Bay through the canal or that Hemigrapsus has expanded into areas of suitable habitat within upper Barnegat Bay. If populations of Hemigrapsus become established in upper Barnegat Bay there is cause for concern. As opportunistic feeders with a broad diet, Asian shore crabs consume juvenile fish and small invertebrates including commercially valuable species such as blue crabs, blue mussels, soft shell clams, and eastern oysters. Along with impacts on populations of native species through predation and competition for food, local fisheries, shellfish restoration efforts, and the aquaculture industry could also be affected.
Dr. Tsanangurayi TongesayiAssociate Professor
1. Nano-Chemical Separations
2. Nano-Mediated Fenton Catalysis
The project involves the preparation and characterization of functionalized nanomaterials for applications in chemical separations and Fenton catalysis. The Fenton's reaction has potential applications in the following areas: water treatment, dye waste treatment, pulp bleaching waste treatment, agricultural effluent treatment, landfill leachates treatment, industrial wastewater treatment and treatment of gas streams. The application of the Fenton technologies to the cleanup of natural solids still face some challenges because of: 1) interference from soil components, 2) the pH limitation of Fenton reactions, 3) difficulties in effectively dispersing reagents, and 4) the potential of altering the soil environment. In this project nano-mediated Fenton catalysis for the cleanup of natural solids will also be explored. This project will be imitated in the spring of 2013 and will continue through the summer.
Dr. Jiacun Wang
Associate Professor and Department Chair
DEPARTMENT: Computer Science and Software Engineering
Web based electrical load management tool development for manufacturing plants
Load management is actions taken by plants to change their load profile in order to gain from reduced system peak power demand and improved power factor. One widely used action for load management in industry is process rescheduling, which attempts to find optimal operation schedules for all electrical loads in a plant to achieve minimal power consumption and energy cost without sacrifice of plant productivity. In our previous work, we have developed an online system to help plants figure out power consumption and energy cost with a given load profile. The objective of this project is to add a new function to the system that will automatically generate a feasible set of load operation schedules given all loads and their parameters in a plant and let the user select the best one.
Dr. Cui YuAssociate Professor
Innovative Software Applications For Study, Work, and Social Life
In today's world, most people reply a lot on computer technologies and services in study, work, and life. While these technologies and services can save a lot of labor and time to accomplish many tasks such as writing letters, meeting with collaborators, sharing information, and etc, many people feel busier than ever because of more information and more tasks to deal with on regular base. In this research project, students will exploit advanced computer technologies to design and implement selected innovative applications that can make our study and work more efficient and our life much easier.
Dr. Xudong Yuan
Scholar in Residence/Researcher
DEPARTMENT: Chemistry, Medical Technology and Physics
1. Biodegradable Nanoparticles of Anticancer Drug
In this project, an anticancer drug will be incorporated into biodegradable nanoparticles. HPLC method will be developed to analyze the loading efficiency drug release from the prepared nanoparticles. The cytotoxicity of nanoparticles will be evaluated in vitro in cancer cells.
2. Development of Fast Dissolving Drug Delivery System
Different polymers will be used to prepare a new fast dissolving dosage form with a model drug. The new formulations will be optimized to achieve faster dissolving and quicker drug release.
3. Gene Delivery by Nanoparticles
In this project, nanoparticles will be used as carrier of pDNA and siRNA for gene delivery. Cell transfection studies will be conducted to evaluate the efficiency of the nanoparticle delivery system